Sex Hormones; Relevance and types

Hormones are the fuel that keeps a body in order. Sex hormone is the fuel that keeps one’s body healthy and helps in developing traits, features, and organs of a particular gender.

One of the most interesting things about hormone is they are sophisticated, and any kind of imbalance be it excess or lack of hormone can create lots of troubles. There are various reasons that may disturb the equilibrium of the hormonal health and stress is one of the prime causes that can disturb the hormonal health. Factors like aging, pollution and imbalance diet also decide one’s hormonal health.

Why has Sex Hormone Health become Crucial?

The problem of infertility is growing fast among females as well as males. The prime cause is the imbalance of sex hormone. Even teenagers are suffering from hormonal imbalance. Both male and female required essential sex hormone for a normal and healthy life. It is important for overall well being.

Age is a prime factor that may cause a disturbance in hormonal health. With the passage of time, the production and secretion of the hormone deter and it causes infertility and other health-related issues. It is these sex hormones that are responsible for the development of traits and body structure in male and female bodiy accordingly. The high amount or low amount of the sex hormone can disturb complete health and wellness.

Primary sex hormone in humans


This growth hormone is food abundantly in a female body. It plays a crucial role in body development & growth, and reproduction. The deficiency of the Estrogen can cause fatigue, brittle bone, mood swings, and dry skin.


A counterpart of Estrogen, it counterbalances the effect of estrogen. Progesterone plays a crucial role in a premenstrual cycle and healthy pregnancy. The lower level of progesterone may cause miscarriage. The imbalance in estrogen and progesterone can cause problematic PMS symptoms. The healthy level of progesterone is essential for strong bones, better heart health, and a healthy libido. Excess of progesterone results in fatigue, dizziness and frequent urge to eat.


 One of the prime sex hormones in males, testosterone is responsible for strong muscles, strength, and stamina in males along with bone density, libido, and overall well-being. This prominent male sex hormone is present in females as well. The deficiency of testosterone can cause fatigue, mood swings, low libido, and irritability whereas a high amount can cause aggression, depression, and Erectile dysfunction or impotence.


Pregnenolone (P5) is a steroid hormone. It is produced from cholesterol and it is a source of other steroid hormones like progesterone, estrogen, testosterone, and DHEA. The imbalance of the Pregnenolone can cause mood imbalances, and poor cognitive, stress.


One of the most prevalent steroid hormones in the human body, DHEA is the source of testosterone and progesterone. Secreted by the adrenal gland, the level of DHEA diminishes with aging and it causes lethargy, mood swing, and slow cognitive activity. It plays a crucial role in protein synthesis, cardiovascular health, and healthy bones. The high level of DHEA is responsible for acne, facial hair, skin rashes and liver problem.

The advancement in medical world has made it possible to treat and cure hormonal problems as well. Whether it is causing infertility or interrupt other activities that are making the body unhealthy, with proper medication one can lead a normal and healthy life.